A Few Answers To Questions You Always Wondered About

October 5, 2016 | 1 Comment » | Topics: Answers, Interesting

If humans evolved from monkeys, how come there are still monkeys?

1. There is nothing in evolution that states, insinuates, or infers that the entire population of a species must evolve in unison so that once the evolved animal (whatever it is) has evolved, it is all that remains. All species on Earth evolved from bacteria, but bacteria have not gone anywhere, now have they? Lower-order animals from which higher-order animals have evolved from are not required to then do or die. Those lower-order animals, if they still have the required adaptions to survive will do exactly that: survive. If the ecological niche remains, so will species adapted to that niche.

2. is that natural selection by random mutation is the gradual process on long time scales of small parent/child genetic differences that add up over thousands, millions, and billions of years. The most significant factor in natural selection by random mutation is the natural selection part. The environment punishes those that are ill-adapted to it and rewards those with beneficial mutations. As such, differential environmental conditions imposed on an identical species group will, given enough time, yield enormous differences.

Picture an example: a group of primates has adapted to live in the African rain-forest. A group of said primates, for whatever reason, become separated and stranded hundreds of kilometers away on the Savannah. Somehow, by some fluke of nature, they manage to eke out an existence. The former group is not subjected to any new selective (environmental) pressures; the latter group stranded in an environment to which they have not had time to adapt face new environmental pressures. Those pressures reward certain members, and their future offspring (those with beneficial mutations), with increased success in surviving and passing on those mutations. Eventually, beneficial mutations such as tallness and more upright walking (ability to spot predators from further away), tool-making (increases strength/efficiency which contributes to hunting success), and finer motor control (increases tool-making and tool-yielding ability) are adaptations that the environment selects for and rewards. After a million years, the Savannah group are taller, bigger, and possess fine motor control (and perhaps intelligence as a result). The rain-forest group, having no selection pressures out of the ordinary remain, more or the less, the same (although gene flow would be likely to change them somewhat also). The latter group can be said to have evolved form the former group, yet the former group persists.



What’s the difference between a matrix scheme, pyramid scheme and ponzi scheme?

Ponzi: This key idea is the company is lying to investors about the value of its assets and paying out new investors’ principal while pretending it’s the old investors’ profits.

You raise $100 from 10 people and promise them 100% per year return. You start with $1000. After a year you tell people you have $2000 but you don’t, you still only have $1000.

Two investors want out so you give them $200 each because if you refuse, you’re busted. So you have 8 investors and $600, but you’re telling them you have $1600. You have to keep recruiting new investors or you’ll run out of money.

Sometimes investments start out with good intentions but turn into Ponzis when they try to cover up losses.

Pyramid: You tell people up front that you’re going to take their money, and they get paid by recruiting new people to join. These lower recruits pass money to the person who recruited them and to you, say up to 3 levels. Your sales pitch is that in return for one fee, the recruit gets a fee from the 10 people he recruits, the 10*10 people they recruit, and the 10*10*10 people they recruit.

These inevitably collapse because you can’t keep finding exponentially more suckers. MLMs are basically a pyramid scheme with the addition of a real product being sold instead of just “memberships”.

Matrix: You buy some overpriced thing and get put on a list for a prize. For every 10 people who buy in, the person at the top of the list gets the prize end everyone else moves up one spot. So no matter how many people buy in, 90% don’t get the prize.

Ponzi schemes involve lying to investors. The other two are open about how they work but the vast majority of participants are guaranteed to lose money.



How come undercover police operations (particularly those where police pretend to be sex workers) don’t count as entrapment?

What is entrapment?

Entrapment is an illegal act by authority figures to MAKE people do bad things (Illegal). An example of this would be: An undercover Police Officer begging a person (Not a drug dealer in this case, just for example’s sake) to sell them drugs. This person, who actually just so happens to have drugs, repeatedly refuses the Officer’s requests, until he finally gives in just to shut him up. The Police Officer then arrests the person for drug trafficking, takes the “offender” to court, and then has to duck as a Judge throws his little mallet at him for entrapping some poor person.

Entrapment is the act of reasonably forcing a person to commit a criminal act they would not have otherwise done.

Understand that so far? Good. Now. What the general problem is, people don’t have a basic grasp of what entrapment isn’t. Entrapment IS NOT:

“But why, internet anon? Surely, the Police are luring these poor, innocent people to their doom!” LOL. No. See. Get this: People suck, and actively seek these things out. And when they do, it’s no longer entrapment. That John looking to get his dick wet with undercover Suzie? He willingly tried to solicit her. Yes, she could have asked, and all he had to do is say no and go on his merry way, and he wouldn’t be handcuffed. Uncle Robert getting his door knocked down in the middle of the night by the FBI? No one FORCED him to watch little kids get fucked on the internet, he was looking for it. Your dumbass friend Marley who asked the wrong guy for drugs? He shouldn’t have been asking ANYONE for drugs. Nor should he have accepted any offers.



Additional fun fact: Undercover officers can do nearly anything to keep their cover, just short of killing someone (Presumably, they might actually). No, they don’t have to admit they’re cops just because you asked. Yes, they will deal drugs and kick you in the face. With undercover agencies, the ends justify the means.



What is Autism?

Autism is usually used to describe a difficulty in understanding social situations. People who have autism may have difficulty understanding what is appropriate in conversation, interpersonal relations, or interacting with large groups of people by displaying “strange” behaviors. These can include talking for great lengths of time about certain subjects past the group’s interest, or being unable to pick up on social cues (being uninterested in a certain topic of conversation, subtle clues towards guiding the direction of a conversation, etc.).

Autistic people process information on people with the ‘objects’ part of the brain, instead of the ‘social’ part. Thus, social norms and effects of ones behaviour on others are not considered, relevant or even understood.

Ever been somewhere completely foreign? The people talk strange, dress strange and act strange. Toilets flush the wrong direction, cars on the wrong side of the road. People on the street will stand too close to you or get angry if you point with one finger. All kinds of shit that leaves you with a vaguely uncomfortable feeling. You can communicate with people, although misinterpretations are common, and you can interact enough to get by, but you can never really get your point across when needed, and you just plain don’t have a grap of their social norms. Pretend this never gets better. That’s kind of how we think an autistic feels.

It depends, of course, on where one lands on the aforementioned “autistic spectrum”, but holds true to some extent with all autistics. It’s hard to get your point across or to get someone else’s point, others emotions or reactions to events make no sense, and are unpredictable to an autistic. It is honestly surprising to a person with autism that the neighbor would get mad at you for smashing his car windows with a hammer. You’d be confused if he liked his windows, or just hates that hammer. A lot of folks with autism cling to things like math for comfort. They like patterns, predictable things that always have a familiar outcome.

Check out The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time . Amazing story told from the point of view of an autistic child.