Mark Twain and his long-time friend John T. Lewis, the inspiration for the character “Jim” in “Huckleberry Finn”, New York, 1903.
On August 26, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11241, which terminated the marriage deferment. President Johnson’s executive order made it so that childless men who were married after August 26, 1965 would be considered the same as single men when selecting and ordering registrants to report for induction. A new group (Group 4) consisted of childless men who were married on or before August 26, 1965; these men would be selected next, after the supply of delinquents, volunteers, and single nonvolunteers and nonvolunteers who married after August 26, 1965 had been exhausted.
Kamikaze translates as “divine wind” and was the Japanese practice during World War II of sending young men in planes loaded with explosives on suicide missions. The vast majority of kamikaze pilots were under the age of 25, conscripted into the army sometimes against their will. The letters, poems, and diary entries of kamikaze pilots and other special attack force members constitute an important primary source of the feelings and opinions of these men prior to their suicide attacks. Here is a collection of letters from kamikaze pilots written just before they flew their final missions.
On January 6, 1945, Lieutenant Junior Grade Tadasu Fukino piloted a Suisei dive bomber (Allied code name of Judy) that crashed into the heavy cruiser Louisville (CA-28) in Lingayen Gulf off the coast of Luzon Island in the Philippines. The suicide attack killed 36 men and wounded 56 others.
Tadasu Fukino wrote the following last letter to his mother after he had arrived in the Philippines and before his final mission:
The Japanese soldier was no allowed to surrender — under any circumstances. Even badly wounded soldiers were not allowed to surrender. It was seen as shameful and not only dishonored the inividual, but his family as well.
He is standing on stones or wood beams. Each day, 1 will be removed as his head is secured on the top. Eventually he will have nothing to stand on and strangle to death.
When Berlin fell to the Soviets it is rumored that Stalin gave the Soviet Soldiers permission to do what ever they wanted for the first 3 days. At the end of that 3 days you would be hard pressed to find a single German woman who had not been raped at least once by the Soviet Soldiers.
Almost 100 percent of women between the ages of 8 and 80 were raped — repeatedly — some as many as 60 to 70 times.