The Joker and Batman are each trying to prove a point to society – and really to us, the readers.
The Joker wants Batman to kill him because he perfectly embodies chaos and anarchy and wants to prove a point to everyone that people are basically more chaotic than orderly.
This is why he is so scary: we are worried he may be right.
If the Joker is right, then civilization is a ruse and we are all truly monsters inside. If the Joker can prove that Batman – the most orderly and logical and self-controlled of all of us – is a monster inside, then we are all monsters inside, and that is terrifying.
The Joker is terrifying because we fear that we are like him deep down – that he is us.
Batman is what we (any average person) could be at our absolute best, and the Joker is what we could be at our absolute worst.
The Joker’s claim is that we are all terrible deep down, and it is only the law and our misplaced sense of justice that keeps us in line.
Since Batman isn’t confined by the law, he is a perfect test case to try to get him to “break.”
The Joker wants Batman to kill a person, any person, but knows that the only person Batman might ever even remotely consider killing would have to be a terrible monster, so is willing to do this himself and sacrifice himself to prove this macabre point.
Batman needs to prove that it is not just laws that keep us in line, but basic human decency and our natural instinct NOT to kill.
If Batman can prove this, then others will be inspired by his example (the citizens of Gotham, but again, also the readers), just as we are all inspired every day to keep civilization running smoothly and not descend into violence, anarchy, and chaos.
This ability to be decent in the face of the horrors and temptations present all around us is humanity’s superpower, the superpower of each of us.
The struggle of Batman and the Joker is the internal struggle of each of us. But we are inspired by Batman’s example, not the Joker’s, because Batman always wins the argument, because he has not killed the Joker.
Recommended reading: The Killing Joke (1988), but also Legends of the Dark Knight Annual #1. And of course, also watching The Dark Knight. Nolan and Ledger got the Joker perfectly right.
– Jesse Richards