Tuned Mass Damper of Taipei 101 Tower
Taipei 101, once the world’s tallest building upon its completion in 2004, is not only an architectural wonder but also a marvel of engineering, particularly because of its tuned mass damper (TMD). This TMD is a critical component of the skyscraper’s structural integrity, designed to stabilize the building against the forces of nature, such as typhoons and earthquakes, which are common in Taiwan.
The principle behind mass dampers is relatively straightforward yet ingenious. When an earthquake strikes, it generates waves of energy that cause the building to sway.